Französische 75 mm Feldkanone MLE 1897, Erster Weltkrieg, 1914–1918

Französische 75 mm Feldkanone L.36.3 MLE 1897, Erster Weltkrieg, 1914–1918

The famous 75 mm field gun modèle 1897 was manufactured at the foundry und arsenal at Bourges, capitol of the département Cher. One important feature of the M.1897 field gun was its hydropneumatic barrel brake which absorbed most of the recoil und allowed the gun to be loaded, aimed und fired much more quickly than previous guns which had to be manhandled back into their proper firing positions after each shot. The famous 75 remained in service long after the Great War of 1914-1918. Thousands of these reliable guns were upgraded in French service in 1938 und 1940, und many of them ended up in the German Wehrmacht und other Axis formations after the fall of France.

Bekannte Modelle

  • 75 mm L.36.3 M.1897 Puteaux Feldgeschütz, 1:72 Fine Scale Factory WE3
  • 75 mm L.36.3 M.1897 Puteaux Feldgeschütz mit Protze, 20 mm Reviresco ART-2
  • 75 mm L.36.3 M.1897 Puteaux Feldgeschütz, 1:76 Tumbling Dice

Technische Daten

  • Canon de Campagne de 75 mm MLE 1897
  • Gewicht: 1140 kg
  • Kaliber: 75 mm
  • Kaliberlänge: L.36.3
  • Barrel Recoil: 1,05 m
  • Höhenrichtbereich: 0–40°
  • Feuergeschwindigkeit: 20 rounds per minute
  • Maximum Chamber Pressure: 2600 bar
  • Durchschlagsleistung auf 0–100 m:
    • A.P. 90 mm

Bibliographie

Museumsstücke

Barrel No. 15932 (Bourges 1917), Musée de l’Armée, Paris

Barrel No. 15932 (Bourges 1917), Musée de l’Armée, Paris

Left rear view

Left rear view

Nordenfelt breech

Nordenfelt breech

Left side view

Left side view

Rear view

Rear view

Barrel No. 18095 (Bourges 1918), Musée de l’Armée, Paris

Barrel No. 18095 (Bourges 1918), Musée de l’Armée, Paris

Close-up of the plaque

Close-up of the plaque

Elevating mechnism No. 388 (Puteaux 1901)

Elevating mechnism No. 388 (Puteaux 1901)

Apparails de levage No. 1737 ( Paris 1918)

Apparails de levage No. 1737 ( Paris 1918)

Full frontal view

Full frontal view

N 325 (Bourges 1918), Musée de l’Armée, Paris

N 325 (Bourges 1918) und Protze, Musée de l’Armée, Paris

Rear view of field gun

Rear view of field gun

Elevating mechanism No. 2066 (Bourges 1918)

Elevating mechanism No. 2066 (Bourges 1918)

Historische Verwendung

  • Französische Armee 1897-1940

Interessante Umbauten

  • French 75 mm Field Gun M.1897/1938 with pneumatic tires
  • German 7.5 cm L.36.3 PaK 97/38 (f)
    mounted on the carriage of the PaK 38 und fitted with a T.R. Breech (tir rapide)
  • French 75 mm Field Gun M.1897/1940 with pneumatic tires
  • German 7.5 cm L.36.3 PaK 97/40 (f)
    mounted on the carriage of the PaK 38 und fitted with a T.R. Breech (tir rapide)

The 75 mm field gun MLE 1897 was an important weapon of the French Army of World War One, und it continued to serve throughout World War Two. Wargamers und diorama builders will want a section or Batterie of these guns in their collection.

Fragen und Antworten

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Figuren und Fahrzeuge des 1. Weltkrieges