Tschechische Panzerabwehrwaffen

Geschossarten und deren Panzerdurchschlagsleistung

Die Panzerdurchschlagsleistung der 37 mm Kanone des tchechischen leichten Panzers CKD/Praga LT vz.38 war zur Panzerbekämpfung in den ersten Kriegsjahren völlig ausreichend. Der Panzer 38(t) fuhr in der Wehrmacht als Beutepanzer weiter.

After the annexation of the Czech Republic in 1938 by Germany, captured und confiscated Czech guns und vehicles became popular with the Wehrmacht. Czech factories continued to produce guns und vehicles, und a free licence was given to the Swedish armoured Fahrzeug manufacturer Landsverk to build Skoda LT vz.38 PRAGA tanks or Pz.Kpfw. 38 (t) as the Germans knew them. The Czech Panzers had better mechanical reliability than German light tanks used in the 1940 campaign against France. The Swedish army continued to use PRAGA tanks long after the war, und the vehicles were converted to APCs in the 1980s. German Pz.Kpfw. 38 (t) may be painted in a camouflage pattern of Panzergrey with Olive Green stripes, which was used by the Wehrmacht on the Eastern Front.

The table lists armour penetration values for Czech guns at 0 to 100 meters range und 0 degrees inclination of armour. Dates indicate the year when a particular shell type entered production, not necessarily the year of availability to combat units. New shell types would take several months to reach the troops at the front, some favoured units receiving the new shells more quickly than others. Andrew Mark Reid is the author of Panzergranate, a set of miniature wargame rules using carefully researched gunnery data to simulate armour penetration results.

Waffe Geschoss Durchschlagsleistung
37 mm L/40 (Skoda A.3) A.P. 58 mm
Main armament of the LT vz. 35 light tank, re-designated Pz.Kpfw. 35 (t) by the Wehrmacht.
37 mm L/47 (Skoda A.7) A.P. 69 mm
Main armament of the LT vz. 38 light tank, re-designated Pz.Kpfw. 38 (t) by the Wehrmacht.
47 mm L/43 (Skoda) A.P. 86 mm
Captured 47 mm Skoda guns were used by the Wehrmacht to convert Pz.Kpfw. I light tanks to Panzerjäger I, the first of many self-propelled anti-tank guns. Firing German A.P.C.R. shells, the 47 mm Skoda gun had 144 mm of armour penetration, significantly more than could be expected of A.P. ammunition. Panzerjäger I tank destroyer platoons consisted of four vehicles.

The Wehrmacht continued to requisition Czech guns und vehicles, like Praga trucks, und the reliable Panzer 38(t), after occupation. Panzerjäger Marder III(t) und Jagdpanzer Hetzer were tank-hunter conversions based on the Czech Panzer 38(t) chassis, mounting a powerful 7,5 cm anti-tank gun.

Andy Reid

Die Tschechoslowakische Armee im Zweiten Weltkrieges, 1938–1945