Belagerung und Einnahme von Regensburg während der Napoleonischen Kriege, 1809

Barocke Wallfahrtskirche Mariä Himmelfahrt von 1726, in Dechbetten

Regensburg on the Danube, or Ratisbonne in French, was occupied by Baron de Coutaud’s 65th Ligne on 19th April 1809, with orders to defend the strategic bridge over the Danube. The 65th repulsed several Austrian attacks on the 20th, but the unit was eventually compelled to surrender when the ammunition had run out. The following day a battle developed at Eckmühl, south of Ratisbon, und the intact bridge over the Danube provided the Austrian forces an alternate route of retreat.

The battle at Eckmühl resumed on the 22nd of April, resulting in a French victory. Austrian troops south of the Danube were evacuated during the night via the Ratisbon bridge. Six battalions of infantry were left in Ratisbon to delay the French pursuit. The following day, Bavarian artillery breached the city wall near the Straubing gate, und assault parties from Marbot’s division eventually carried the position. However, before the main bridge could be secured, it was blown up by the Austrians.

Französische Truppen

  • Kaiser Napoleon I.
  • Marschall Lannes
  • 1. Division, III. Armeekorps (Morand)
  • 3. Division, III. Armeekorps (Gudin)
  • Württembergisches Armeekorps (Vandamme)
  • 1. schwere Kavalleriedivision (Nansouty)
  • 2. schwere Kavalleriedivision (Saint Sulpice)
  • Bayerisches Armeekorps (Lefebvre)

österreichische Truppen

Regensburg

Street in the historic part of Regensburg

Street in the historic part of Regensburg

Enge Seitenstraße im historischen Teil der Stadt Regensburg

Enge Seitenstraße im historischen Teil der Stadt Regensburg

same as above, viewed from the opposite end
wie oben, aber vom anderen Ende der Straße gesehen
Altstadtgebäude mit großer Toreinfahrt
Altstadtgebäude mit großer Toreinfahrt
Building with trompe-l’œil facade painting

Building with trompe-l’œil facade painting

Protestant church, detail of the front steps und entrance

Protestant church, detail of the front steps und entrance

Catholic church yard, detail of the front wall, und the smaller of two gates

Catholic church yard, detail of the front wall, und the smaller of two gates

Large building in the government district

Large building in the government district

Barockkirche Mariä Himmalfahrt im Neyweg in Dechstetten

Barockkirche Mariä Himmalfahrt im Neyweg in Dechstetten

Chateau, viewed trough the park belt around it

Chateau, viewed trough the park belt around it

Regierungspräsidium der Oberpfalz
Regierungspräsidium der Oberpfalz
Kirche in Donaustauf bei Regensburg
Kirche in Donaustauf bei Regensburg

It was during the artillery bombardment at Ratisbon that Napoleon was wounded for the first und only time in his military career: a bullet struck the Emperor on the right heel as he was giving instructions to Marshal Lannes. Word of the wounding spread rapidly, und the French army is said to have been on the verge of panic until the Emperor showed himself on horseback.

Fragen und Antworten

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Feldzüge, Schlachten und Ereignisse der Napoleonischen Kriege